Economics Formulas CFA® Level 1


The fiscal policy entails spending and taxation programs by governments at different levels. These are payments made to change the distribution of income throughout society, such as welfare programs, Social Security, and pensions. These payments hamline university dorms are not included in GDP calculations because they do not represent new production. About 80-90% of the information covered by the CFA Economics curriculum is covered in typical macro and/or micro college-level introductory Economics courses.

Typical business cycles and phases exist within economies despite their complexity. Understanding cycle phases aids the analyst in projecting how outcomes and decisions of both individuals and firms affect the performance of sectors and companies. Candidates will also learn to calculate GDP and compare it to national, personal, and disposable income.

If you are interested in taking the CFA Level I exam, review the CFA Level I Exam Requirementsto see if you are ready to enroll. Once you are certain you meet the enrollment criteria, you can register for the CFA Level I Exam. The cash flow statement shows how a company generated and spent cash throughout a given timeframe. An important truth that is frequently neglected by inexperienced business owners is that profit does not equal cash.

Are you a CFA Level I candidate, or someone who is exploring taking the CFA exam? I am a Computer Engineering graduate and have been working as an engineer all my life. Having developed a keen interest in finance, I decided on a career switch to the finance field and enrolled into the CFA program at the same time.

The share of output paid to capital (α) is the elasticity of output with respect to capital. A 1% increase in capital will increase output by α%, calculated as the ratio of capital income (ie, Marginal product of capital × Amount of capital) to output . Country 2 is planning to implement new policies that create a more open trade policy. Saito expects that this will result in a higher permanent steady-state GDP growth rate. The reading discusses the possibility of developing countries catching up with developed countries in the long-run and how policies affect sustainable growth rates.

It is clear that if one scores well in these three subjects, they stand a good chance of passing the Level I Exam. However, it is recommended not to ignore any subjects to score well. Here we provide a tabular representation of the knowledge areas and their specific weightage for the Level I exam. It’s never too late to consider two other tips as part of your last-minute study. One is to sign up for aCFA Program Level I Review Workshop and the other is to take a mock exam.

Passing the exam will require a serious time commitment and a dedicated study effort. Read on to learn more about steps you can take to prepare for and pass the exam. Fractions and percentages are common concepts that are tested often on the exam. You should practice these types of questions in your mock exams to get comfortable with these concepts, and to find out how quickly you can solve them without making careless mistakes. If you are ready to take on the challenge, here are some tips to help you pass the CFA Level 1 exam on your first try. To succeed in any challenging situation such as the CFA L1 Exam, preparation coupled with good strategy and planning can make all the difference.

This is based on the relative interest rates between the two countries whose currencies are involved. 3.Contractionis when the economy slows down or declines. Economies of Scaleoccur when increasing volume of production leads to decreasing average cost. You’ve probably seen this in action when you’ve received per-unit discounts for buying larger quantities of items, such as business cards. A negative output gap means an economic downturn with unemployment and spare capacity.

During the exam, you have about 90 seconds to read and answer each question, carefully designed to test knowledge from the CFA Curriculum. UWorld’s question bank is built to expose you to exam-like questions and illustrate and explain the concepts tested thoroughly. This reading introduces how money is created, the role of central banks, and various theories regarding the demand for and supply of money.